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THE PRIVATE SECURITY AGENCIES (REGULATION) ACT, 2005
NO. 29 OF 2005
[23rd June, 2005.]
An Act to provide for the regulation of private security agencies and
for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-sixth Year of the Republic of
India as follows:-
Short title, extent and commencement.
1. Short title, extent and commencement.-(1) This Act may be called the
Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act, 2005.
(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government
may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
2. Definitions.-In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(a) "armoured car service" means the service provided by deployment of
armed guards along with armoured car and such other related services
which may be notified by the Central Government or as the case may be,
the State Government from time to time;
(b) "Controlling Authority" means the Controlling Authority appointed
under sub-section (1) of section 3;
(c) "licence" means a licence granted under sub-section (5) of section
(d) "notification" means a notification published in the Official
(e) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(f) "private security" means security provided by a person, other than
a public servant, to protect or guard any person or property or both
and includes provision of armoured car service;
(g) "private security agency" means a person or body of persons other
than a government agency, department or organisation engaged in the
business of providing private security services including training to
private security guards or their supervisor or providing private
security guards to any industrial or business undertaking or a company
or any other person or property;
(h) "private security guard" means a person providing private security
with or without arms to another person or property or both and includes
(i) "State Government", in relation to a Union territory, includes the
Administrator of that Union territory appointed by the President under
article 239 of the Constitution.
Appointment of Controlling Authority.
3. Appointment of Controlling Authority.-(1) The State Government
shall, by notification, designate an officer not below the rank of a
Joint Secretary in the Home Department of the State or an equivalent
officer to be the Controlling Authority for the purposes of this Act.
(2) The State Government may, for efficient discharge of functions by
the Controlling Authority, provide it with such other officers and
staff as that Government considers necessary.
Persons or Private Security Agency not to engage or provide private
security guard without licence.
4. Persons or Private Security Agency not to engage or provide private
security guard without licence.-No person shall carry on or commence
the business of private security agency, unless he holds a licence
issued under this Act:
Provided that the person carrying on the business of private security
agency, immediately before the commencement of this Act, may continue
to do so for a period of one year from the date of such commencement
and if he has made an application for such licence within the said
period of one year, till the disposal of such application:
Provided further that no private security agency shall provide private
security abroad without obtaining permission of the Controlling
Authority, which shall consult the Central Government before according
Eligibility for licence.
5. Eligibility for licence.-An application for issue of a licence under
this Act shall only be considered from a person after due verification
of his antecedents.
Persons not eligible for licence.
6. Persons not eligible for licence.-(1) A person shall not be
considered for issue of a licence under this Act, if he has been-
(a) convicted of an offence in connection with promotion, formation or
management of a company (any fraud or misfeasance committed by him in
relation to the company), including an undischarged insolvent; or
(b) convicted by a competent court for an offence, the prescribed
punishment for which is imprisonment of not less than two years; or
(c) keeping links with any organisation or association which is banned
under any law on account of their activities which pose threat to
national security or public order or there is information about such a
person indulging in activities which are prejudicial to national
security or public order; or
(d) dismissed or removed from Government service on grounds of
misconduct or moral turpitude.
(2) A company, firm or an association of persons shall not be
considered for issue of a licence under this Act, if, it is not
registered in India, or having a proprietor or a majority shareholder,
partner or director, who is not a citizen of India.
Application for grant of licence.
7. Application for grant of licence.-(1) An application for grant of
licence to a private security agency shall be made to the Controlling
Authority in such form as may be prescribed.
(2) The applicant shall submit an affidavit incorporating the details
in relation to the provisions contained in section 6, ensure the
availability of the training for its private security guards and
supervisors required under sub-section (2) of section 9, fulfilment of
conditions under section 11 and of cases registered with police or
pending in a court of law involving the applicant.
(3) Every application under sub-section (1) shall be accompanied by a
(a) rupees five thousand if the private security agency is operating in
one district of a State;
(b) rupees ten thousand if the agency is operating in more than one but
up to five districts of a State; and
(c) rupees twenty-five thousand if it is operating in the whole State.
(4) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the Controlling
Authority may, after making such inquiries as it considers necessary
and obtaining no objection certificate from the concerned police
authority, by order in writing, either grant a licence or refuse to
grant the same within a period of sixty days from the date of receipt
of application with complete particulars and the prescribed fee:
Provided that no order of refusal shall be made unless-
(a) the applicant has been given a reasonable opportunity of being
(b) the grounds on which licence is refused is mentioned in the order.
(5) A licence granted under this section
(a) shall be valid for a period of five years unless the same is
cancelled under sub-section (1) of section 13;
(b) may be renewed from time to time after the expiry of five years,
for a further period of five years on payment of such fee as may be
(c) shall be subject to such conditions as may be prescribed.
Renewal of licence.
8. Renewal of licence.-(1) An application for renewal of licence shall
be made to the Controlling Authority, not less than forty-five days
before the date of expiry of the period of validity thereof, in such
form as may be prescribed and shall be accompanied by the requisite fee
and other documents required under sections 6, 7 and 11 of this Act.
(2) The Controlling Authority shall pass an order on application for
renewal of licence within thirty days from the date of receipt of
application complete in all respects.
(3) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the Controlling
Authority may, after making such inquiries as he considers necessary
and by order in writing, renew the licence or refuse to renew the same:
Provided that no order of refusal shall be made except after giving the
applicant a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
Conditions for commencement of operation and engagement of supervisors.
9. Conditions for commencement of operation and engagement of
supervisors.-(1) Every private security agency shall, within six months
of obtaining the licence, commence its activities.
(2) Every private security agency shall ensure imparting of such
training and skills to its private security guards and supervisors as
may be prescribed:
Provided that the person carrying on the business of private security
agency, before the commencement of this Act, shall ensure the required
training to its security guards and supervisors within a period of one
year from the date of such commencement.
(3) Every private security agency shall, within sixty days from the
date of issue of the licence, employ such number of supervisors, as may
(4) A private security agency shall not employ or engage a person as a
supervisor unless he fulfils the conditions specified in sub-section
(1) of section 10.
(5) While engaging a supervisor of private security guards, every
private security agency shall give preference to a person who has
experience of serving in the Army, Navy, Air Force or any other Armed
forces of the Union or State Police including armed constabularies and
Home Guards for a period of not less than three years.
Eligibility to be a private security guard.
10. Eligibility to be a private security guard.-(1) A private security
agency shall not employ or engage any person as a private security
guard unless he-
(a) is a citizen of India or a citizen of such other country as the
Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette,
(b) has completed eighteen years of age but has not attained the age of
(c) satisfies the agency about his character and antecedents in such
manner as may be prescribed;
(d) has completed the prescribed security training successfully;
(e) fulfils such physical standards as may be prescribed; and
(f) satisfies such other conditions as may be prescribed.
(2) No person who has been convicted by a competent court or who has
been dismissed or removed on grounds of misconduct or moral turpitude
while serving in any of the armed forces of the Union, State Police
Organisations, Central or State Governments or in any private security
agency shall be employed or engaged as a private security guard or a
(3) Every private security agency may, while employing a person as a
private security guard, give preference to a person who has served as a
member in one or more of the following, namely:-
(iii) Air Force;
(iv) any other armed forces of the Union;
(v) Police, including armed constabularies of States; and
(vi) Home Guards.
Conditions of licence.
11. Conditions of licence.-(1) The State Government may frame rules to
prescribe the conditions on which licence shall be granted under this
Act and such conditions shall include requirements as to the training
which the licensee is to undergo, details of the person or persons
forming the agency, obligation as to the information to be provided
from time to time to the Controlling Authority regarding any change in
their address, change of management and also about any criminal charge
made against them in the course of their performance of duties of the
private security agency or as the case may be, a private security guard
employed or engaged by them.
(2) The State Government may make provision in the rules to verify
about imparting of required training by the private security agency
under sub-section (2) of section 9 and to review continuation or
otherwise of licence of such private security agency which may not have
adhered to the condition of ensuring the required training.
Licence to be exhibited.
12. Licence to be exhibited.-Every private security agency shall
exhibit its licence or copy thereof in a conspicuous place of its
Cancellation and suspension of licence.
13. Cancellation and suspension of licence.-(1) The Controlling
Authority may cancel any licence on any one or more of the following
(a) that the licence has been obtained on misrepresentation or
suppression of material facts;
(b) that the licence holder has used false documents or photographs;
(c) that the licence holder has violated the provisions of this Act or
the rules made thereunder or any of the conditions of the licence;
(d) that the licence holder has misused information obtained by him
during the discharge of his duties as the private security agency to
any industrial or business undertaking or a company or any other
(e) that the licence holder by using any letter-head, advertisement or
any other printed matter or in any other manner represented that the
private security agency is an instrumentality of the Government or such
agency is or has been using a name different from that for which
licence has been granted;
(f) that the licence holder is or has been impersonating or permitting
or aiding or abetting any body to impersonate as a public servant;
(g) that the private security agency had failed to commence its
activities or to engage a supervisor within the specified time period;
(h) that the licence holder is or has wilfully failed or refused to
render the services agreed to any person;
(i) that the licence holder has done any act which is in violation of a
court order or an order of a lawful authority or is or has been
advising, encouraging or assisting any person to violate any such
(j) that the licence holder has violated the provisions of the Acts
given in the Schedule which may be modified by the Central Government,
by notification in the Official Gazette;
(k) that there have been repeated instances when the private security
guard or guards provided by the private security agency-
(i) failed to provide private security or were guilty of gross
negligence in not providing such security;
(ii) committed a breach of trust or misappropriated the property or a
part thereof which they were supposed to protect;
(iii) were found habitually drunk or indisciplined;
(iv) were found to be involved in committing crimes; or
(v) had connived or abetted a crime against the person or property
placed under their charge; or
(l) that the licence holder has done any act which poses a threat to
national security, or did not provide assistance to the police or other
authority in the discharge of its duties or acted in a manner
prejudicial to national security or public order or law and order.
(2) Where the Controlling Authority, for reasons to be recorded in
writing, is satisfied that pending the question of cancelling of
licence on any of the grounds mentioned in sub-section (1), it is
necessary to do so, that Controlling Authority may, by order in
writing, suspend the operation of the licence for such period not
exceeding thirty days as may be specified in the order and require the
licence holder to show cause, within fifteen days from the date of
issue of such order, as to why the suspension of the licence should not
be extended till the determination of the question of cancellation.
(3) Every order of suspending or cancelling of a licence shall be in
writing and shall specify the reasons for such suspension or
cancellation and a copy thereof shall be communicated to the person
(4) No order of cancellation of licence under sub-section (1) shall be
made unless the person concerned has been given a reasonable
opportunity of being heard.
14. Appeals.-(1) Any person aggrieved by an order of the Controlling
Authority refusing the licence under sub-section (4) of section 7 or
renewal under sub-section (3) of section 8 or order of suspension of
licence under sub-section (2) of section 13 or cancellation of licence
under sub-section (1) of that section, may prefer an appeal against
that order to the Home Secretary of the State Government within a
period of sixty days of the date of such order:
Provided that an appeal may be admitted after the expiry of the said
period of sixty days if the appellant satisfies the State Government
that he has sufficient cause for not preferring the appeal within that
(2) Every appeal under sub-section (1) shall be made in such form as
may be prescribed and shall be accompanied by a copy of the order
(3) Before disposing of an appeal, the State Government shall give the
appellant a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
Register to be maintained by a private security agency.
15. Register to be maintained by a private security agency.-(1) Every
private security agency shall maintain a register containing-
(a) the names and addresses of the persons managing the private
(b) the names, addresses, photographs and salaries of the private
security guards and supervisors under its control;
(c) the names and addresses of the persons whom it had provided private
security guards or services; and
(d) such other particulars as may be prescribed.
(2) The Controlling Authority may call for such information as it
considers necessary from any private security agency, supervisor or
private security guard to ensure due compliance of the Act.
Inspection of licence, etc.
16. Inspection of licence, etc.-The Controlling Authority or any other
officer authorised by it in this behalf may at any reasonable time,
enter the premises of the private security agency and inspect and
examine the place of business, the records, accounts and other
documents connected with the licence and may take copy of any document.
Issue of photo identity card.
17. Issue of photo identity card.-(1) Every private security guard
shall be issued a photo identity card, by the private security agency
employing or engaging the guard.
(2) The photo identity card under sub-section (1) shall be issued in
such form as may be prescribed.
(3) Every private security guard or supervisor shall carry on his
person the photo identity card issued under sub-section (1) and shall
produce it on demand for inspection by the Controlling Authority or any
other officer authorised by it in this behalf.
Disclosure of information to unauthorized person.
18. Disclosure of information to unauthorized person.-(1) Any person
who may be or has been employed or engaged as a private security guard
by the private security agency shall not divulge to anyone other than
the employer, or in such manner and to such person as the employer
directs, any information acquired by him during such employment with
respect to the work which he has been assigned by such employer, except
such disclosure as may be required under this Act or in connection with
any inquiry or investigation by the police or as may be required by an
authority or process of law.
(2) All private security guards of a private security agency shall
render necessary assistance to the police or to such authority in the
process of any investigation pertaining to the activities of that
(3) If violation of any law is noticed by any private security guard
during the course of discharge of his duties, he shall bring it to the
notice of his superior, who in turn shall inform the police either
through his employer or agency or on his own.
19. Delegation.-The State Government may, by notification, direct that
any power or function (except the powers to make rules under section
(a) which may be exercised or performed by it, or
(b) which may be exercised or performed by the Controlling Authority,
under this Act, may, in relation to such matter and subject to such
conditions, if any, as may be specified in the notification, be also
exercised or performed by such officer or authority subordinate to the
Government or officer subordinate to the Controlling Authority, as may
be specified in such notification.
Punishment for contravention of certain provisions.
20. Punishment for contravention of certain provisions.-(1) Any person
who contravenes the provisions of section 4 shall be punishable with
imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine
which may extend to twenty-five thousand rupees, or with both.
(2) Any person or private security agency who contravenes, the
provisions of sections 9, 10 and 12 of the Act, shall be punishable
with a fine which may extend to twenty-five thousand rupees, in
addition to suspension or cancellation of the licence.
Penalty for unauthorized use of certain uniforms.
21. Penalty for unauthorized use of certain uniforms.-If any private
security guard or supervisor wears the uniform of the Army, Air force,
Navy or any other armed forces of the Union or Police or any dress
having the appearance or bearing any of the distinctive marks of that
uniform, he and the proprietor of the private security agency shall be
punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or
with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees, or with both.
Offences by companies.
22. Offences by companies.-(1) Where an offence under this Act has been
committed by a company, every person who at the time the offence was
committed was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the
conduct of the business of the company as well as the company, shall be
deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded
against and punished accordingly:
Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any
such person liable to any punishment, if he proves that the offence was
committed without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due
diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where any
offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved
that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of,
or is attributable to, any neglect on the part of any director,
manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director,
manager, secretary or other officer shall be deemed to be guilty of
that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished
Explanation.-For the purposes of this section-
(a) "company" means any body corporate and includes a firm or other
association of individuals; and
(b) "director", in relation to a firm, means a partner in the firm.
23. Indemnity.-No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie
against the Controlling authority or any other officer authorised by it
in respect of anything in good faith done or intended to be done under
Framing of model rules for adoption by States.
24. Framing of model rules for adoption by States.-The Central
Government may frame model rules in respect of all or any of the
matters with respect to which the State Government may make rules under
this Act, and where any such model rules have been framed the State
Government shall, while making any rules in respect of that matter
under section 25, so far as is practicable, conform to such model
Power of State Government to make rules.
25. Power of State Government to make rules.-(1) The State Government
may, by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the
foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following
(a) the procedure for verification of character and antecedents under
clause (c) of sub-section (1) of section 10; the type of training under
clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 10; the physical standard
under clause (e) of sub-section (1) of section 10; and other
conditions under clause (f) of sub-section (1) of section 10;
(b) the number of supervisors to be employed under sub-section (3) of
(c) the form of an application for grant of licence under sub-section
(1) of section 7;
(d) the form in which the licence to be granted under sub-section (4)
of section 7 and conditions subject to which such licence to be granted
under section 11;
(e) the form of an application for renewal of licence under sub-section
(1) of section 8;
(f) the form under sub-section (2) of section 14 for preferring an
(g) particulars to be maintained in a register under sub-section (1) of
(h) the form in which photo identity card under sub-section (2) of
section 17 be issued;
(i) any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed.
(3) Every rule made by the State Government under this section shall be
laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of the
State Legislature where it consists of two Houses, or where such
Legislature consists of one House, before that House.
(4) In respect of Union territories, every rule made to carry out the
provisions of the Act shall be laid before each House of Parliament and
where there exists a Legislative Assembly, before that Assembly.
[See section 13(1)(j)]
[See section 13(1)(j)]
(1) The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 (4 of 1936).
(2) The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947).
(3) The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 (11 of 1948).
(4) The Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act,
1952 (19 of 1952).
(5) The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 (21 of 1965).
(6) The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 (37 of
(7) The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 (39 of 1972).
(8) The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 (25 of 1976).
(9) The Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and
Conditions of Service) Act, 1979 (30 of 1979).
T. K. VISWANATHAN,
Secy. to the Govt. of India.
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